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前置詞の正しい用法

時を表す前置詞 基本的な役割  用法
at 特定の時間を指定 The train is due at 12:50
on 日にちと日付を指定 My brother is coming on Monday.
    We're having a party on the fourth of July
in 一日の特定でない時間 She likes to jog in the morning.
    He started the job in 2002.
for どのくらいの時間かを指定 He held his breath for five minutes.
    She has lived there for seven years.
since 特定の日付を指定 He has worked here since 2002.
    She's been sitting there since 2:30.
場所を表す前置詞 基本的な役割  用法
at 場所の1点を指定 She works at the store.
on ストリート名など Her house is on 2nd street.
in 場所を指定 She works in a store.
    She lives in Aoyama.
    Aoyama is in Tokyo.
    Tokyo is in Japna.
方向を表す前置詞 基本的な役割  用法
to 場所への方向を指定 They are driving to work together.
towards 場所への移動 We are moving towards the light.

(2-7-1-1) EXERCISE
Choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence.
Just leave the report ___ my desk before you go to lunch.
(A) into
(B) on
(C) along
(D) for

(2-7-1-2) EXERCISE
Choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence.
The convention will be held ___ Tokyo.
(A) at
(B) from
(C) for
(D) in

(2-7-1-3) EXERCISE
Choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence.
There is a meeting ___ Friday.
(A) by
(B) on
(C) in
(D) at

前置詞をとらない名詞  用法
home Grandpa went home.
upstairs(downstairs) Grandma went upstairs(downstairs).
outside(inside) His son is outside(inside).
downtown(uptown) we went downtown(uptown) yesterday.

名詞と前置詞
approval of fondness for need for
awareness of grasp of participation in
belief in hatred of reason for
concern for hope for respect for
confusion about interest in success in
desire for love of understanding of
形容詞と前置詞
afraid of fond of proud of
awareness of grasp of participation in
angry at happy about similar to
aware of interested in sorry for
capable of jealous of sure of
careless about made of tired of
familiar with married to worried about
動詞と前置詞
apologize for give up prepare for
ask about grow up study for
ask for look for talk about
belong to look forward to think about
being up look up trust in
care for make up work for
find out pay for worry about

前置詞の慣用表現
agree to a proposal with a person on a price in principle
同意する 提案に 意見に 値段に 原則に
argue about a matter with a person for proposition against proposition
議論する ある事柄について 人と 提案について賛成の 提案について反対の
compare X to Y XをYに例える X with Y XとYを比較する
correspond to a thing 一致する to a person  一致する
differ from an unlike thing   with a person  
異なる        
live at an address in a house or city on a street with other people
住む 住所に 家にまたは町に ストリートに 他人と一緒に


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: 句の認知(recognizing phrases) : 文法 : 代名詞の正しい用法   目次   索引
Administrator 平成17年6月27日